Some brand new cybersecurity regulations have been passed by the Chinese government that is said to put a lot of pressure and some new requirements on the technology companies which are currently operating in the country. The new law for cybersecurity comes with surveillance, data localisations and real name requirements. This regulation is said to require the internet companies and messaging services to ask the users to register their real names along with personal information and also to censor the content that is prohibited. The major issue and one of the firsts will be that the real name rule will take away the anonymity of the user.
The other thing that the law includes is the requirement of the data localization. This law will force the operators of critical information infrastructure to store data within the borders of China. According to Sophie Richardson who is the Human Rights Watch’s China director, the law will surely effectively put all the hundreds of millions of internet users and all the China’s internet companies under a greater state control. The Human Rights Watch further adds that while not a lot of the laws are new but most of them were informal and were laid in low level law. They further stated that implementing those laws on a broader level will most certainly result in a stricter enforcement.
The regulations will also require the companies to report any kind of network security incidents to the government and also will be required to inform the consumers of any kind of breaches. The law further reads that the companies must provide the government agencies with “technical support” during the investigations. The term “technical support” is not clearly explained but might be interpreted as providing the encryption backdoors or even assist with surveillance to the government. The new law also criminalizes several categories of content such as “overthrowing the socialist system,” “fabricating or spreading false information to disturb economic order,” or “inciting separatism or damage national unity.” Richardson states that this new law means that there is no protection for the users against some serious charges.